2018 HERB LIST
Uses, facts, and a Little Bit of Folklore and Fiction

Herbs make a great fragrant addition to the garden whether planted in the ground or potted or potted for use in the kitchen. Herbs can be used for cooking, sachets, gifts or for the herbalist, medicinal uses. Their colorful fragrant flowers and foliage appeal to the senses. They attract beneficial insects and act as hosts for butterflies.

From the soft leaves of sage to the spikey dark green rosemary, the many textures of herbs have inspired garden designs for centuries. Explore the multi-dimensional area of gardening and find your own new uses for herbs.

(All of the following herbs come in 4.3″ containers)

Our plants are delivered throughout the season and are subject to availability.


Basil – Ocimum Basilicum (All basils are annual) Culinary and Medicinal. Warm spicy tasting leaves on square stems. The leaves are used in many different cusines. They also repel mosquitoes, expel worms, treat ringworm, snakebite, insect bites and acne. Basil is a Hindu’s passport to paradise. Basil is native to India, and was held in great reverence. Indians used basil to swear their oaths upon in court. In Italy, basil symbolises love. In Mexico it is carried around in the hope of returning a lover’s roving eye.

Dolce Fresca Basil – AAS Winner. Sweet tender leaves with an attractive, compact shape that’s both versatile and beautiful. Use the leaves as you would any Genovese basil. Height – 13-14″

Genovese Basil – Full flavored, used for pesto and other Italian dishes. Height – 30″

Lemon Basil – Spreading silvery-green foliage with lemony aroma. Great for potpourris, tea, chicken, fish, vegetables and herb vinegars. Height – 12-18″

Red Rubin Basil – Heirloom. Deep burgundy leaves and a compact habit. Great fragrance and taste. The large flat to slightly blousy leaves are as delicious as the standard green types. A bit spicy and very aromatic. Red Rubin is also great for for edging a border, or in containers. Height – 12″

Sweet Basil – This is the classic basil that is used for tomato sauces, pestos and salads. Height – 12-18″

Sweet Mammoth Basil – This lettuce-leaf variety from Italy grows ruffled leaves as large as your hand, delivering a very strong flavor that’s perfect for sauces, pesto. Height 18-24″

Sweet Thai Basil – This Variety form Thailand is both attractive as well as a culinary basil with an intensely sweet, anise-like fragrance. Leaves are green at the base of the plant becoming more purple toward the flowers. Height – 18″


Borage – Borago officinalis (Annual) Culinary and medicinal. Edible blue flowers with a sweet cucumber taste. Used in soups, salads and drinks. A leaf tea is used for stress, fevers and coughs. Fun and easy to grow. Gives strength to heart, courage and joyfulness. Attracts bees and beneficial insects.
Height – 1.5 – 3′

 

 


Catmint – Nepeta (Perennial) – Medicinal and ornamental

Catnip – Nepeta cataria (Perennial) Medicinal. Rough mint-like leaf with a strong, pungent scent. Leaves make a relaxing tea, good for coughs and colds. Cats love the aroma and taste. Chew root to build courage. Height – 2′

Cat Grass – Hordeum Vulgare Tabby – The bright white and green foliage makes an ornamental accent plant for indoor and outdoor containers, as well as an edible treat for both felines and humans. Height – 12-24″


Chamomile – is one of the oldest garden herbs and its reputation as a medicinal plant shows little signs of abatement. It was revered in Egypt for its virtues, and from their belief in its power to cure ague, dedicated it to their gods. Grown for centuries in English gardens for its use as a common domestic medicine. The chamomile has a strong and aromatic scent of apples. The Greeks named it the ‘ground-apple’ – (kamai = on the ground & melon = an apple) – the origin of the name Chamomile. It is believed that if a plant is drooping and sickly, it will recover if you place a herb of Chamomile near it.

Roman Chamomile – This chamomile makes a fragrant pathway or a nice aromatic surprise tucked among other garden plants. It is an important beneficial insect plant. Height – 3 – 4”


Chives Allium – schoenoprasum (Perennial) Culinary and Medicinal. Narrow leaves with edible lavender flower heads. Use in salads, cheese and egg dishes, gravies and soups for a mild onion flavor. Chives are mildly laxative and aids digestion. Said to be an antidote for poison and a remedy for bleeding. Romanian Gypsies have used chives in fortune telling. It was believed that bunches of dried chives hung around a house would ward off disease and evil.

Chinese Broad Leaved Chives – Allium Tuberosum – Chinese Chives, also called Garlic Chives or Nira, is a hardy perennial plant. The flat and dark green leaves have mild-flavored taste between the garlic and onion, that are often used as seasoning herb and stir-fry. Good for digestion and can settle you stomach. An excellent source of food for bees and other beneficial insects. Height 12- 24″

Garlic Chives – Allium tubersum (Perennial) Culinary. Flat leaves, white flowers. Mild garlic flavor. 1′

Onion Chives – Allium schoenoprasum – (Perennial) Culinary – Easy to grow, onion chives pack a lot of flavor for their compact size. The plants form neat grass-like clumps of tubular leaves that contribute an onion flavor to salads, creamy soups, potatoes, egg dishes, and others. A wonderful addition to an herb garden. Great for containers, and also makes a neat border. Enjoy the light purple blooms in the spring–they are edible as well. Height 12″


Cilantro Santo – Coriandrum sativum  (Annual) Culinary –  Santo is fast growing with broad, celery-like stems that are perfect for bunching. Its unmistakable sharp scent and taste have made it the staple herb in Mexican and Vietnamese dishes. Cool season herb.
Height: 12-24″

 


Curry Italicum – Helichrysum italicum  (Annual) Medicinal & Decorative – Narrow grey-white leaves. The leaves smell like curry, but do not give the curry flavor in cooking. A few leaves or flowers can be added to a salad however to give a pleasant fragrance – too much will be bitter. Small yellow flowers in summer are also fragrant of curry and good for drying. Excellent plant for containers, drought tolerant and deer resistant. Native to southern Europe. Essential oil of H. italicum is used medicinally for many purposes, especially for soreness, arthritis and bruising. Height: 24″


Dill Bouquet – Anethum graveolens (Annual)  Culinary – Early to flower with large seed heads. Excellent in pickles and used to flavor many other foods. Easy to grow. Large seed heads. Can self sow. Height: – 24″ and up

Fernleaf Dill – Anethum graveolens “Fernleaf” (Annual) Culinary – Sometimes known as “the fish herb” because it’s such a delicious complement to fish, dill is used in many dishes, especially dips, soups, vinegar, and salads. A compact AAS winner.
Height: 18 – 24″


Sweet Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare (Perennial) Culinary – Use in back of borders, vegetable gardens, herb gardens, cottage gardens or meadows. Good plant for a butterfly garden. The seeds are used as flavoring in a variety of foods such as bakery products or sausages. The chopped leaves may be used as flavoring for salads, potatoes or fish. Height: 4-6′


Lavender – lavendula (Most lavenders are Tender Perennials) There are over 28 species of lavender, all with linear leaves and spikes of flowers ranging from blue to white. Lavender is used for cooking as well as for its medicinal properties. The flowers are used to flavor jams, stews, pastries, creams and vinegars. Dried flowers are used in sachets and potpourris. The flower water is an antiseptic that treats acne and a skin toner for speeding cell renewal. Flower tea treats anxiety, headaches, nausea and dizziness. The essential oil is highly valued as perfume and is also antiseptic, mildly sedative and pain killing. It will relieve the itching of insect bites and the pain of burns, headaches and sore throats. Adding the oil to bath water is very relaxing and induces sleep. The herb of fidelity. Traditionally used to revive people from faints or swoons.

Lavender French – Lavendula dentata – Saw-toothed leaves of blue/gray. Height: 24″

Lavender Hidcote – Lavendula angustofolia ‘Hidcote’ – A free flowering dwarf variety that produces deep purple flower spikes.Great for a dwarf hedge, edging, or for massing. Height: 24″


Lemon Balm Variegated – Melissa officinalis (Perennial) Culinary & Medicinal. An upright growing, perennial herb and is part of the mint family. It has a strong lemony mint flavor and scent and is used in culinary dishes; aromatherapy; and for medicinal teas. The colorful yellow and green foliage makes it an attractive addition to any garden bed and attracts honeybees to your garden. Can grow up to two-feet tall and wide and puts on a small show of white flowers in summer. As with all plants in the mint family, this is an extremely robust grower and needs occasional pruning to control its spread.


Lemon Grass – Cymbopogan flexuosus (Tender Perennial) – Culinary. Clumping grasslike plant, with a strong lemon scent. Use stalks in Asian cooking. 10″


Marjoram Sweet (Tender Perennial) Culinary and Medicinal. Aromatic,The ancients believed that if marjoram grew on a grave it was a sign of the happiness of the departed spirit. Sometimes it was planted at gravesites to comfort the departed and ensure their eternal peace and happiness. In the Middle Ages, bridal couples wore wreaths of marjoram to symbolise love, honour and happiness.

Marjoram Variegated – Origanum majorana (Perennial) ‘Variegata’ low growing herb with a mounding habit. The creamy white flowers are small and insignificant but attract bees and butterflies. Has a milder flavor than other varieties, but is still a very welcome and kitchen herb. Height: 6 -10″


Mints – Mentha  (Perennial) All mints are perennial and are used for both cooking and medicinally. They are easily hybridized and are invasive if the plant is not grown in containers. Mint flavors drinks, candy, cigarettes, toothpaste and medicine. Mint aids digestion and treats stomach complaints. Peppermint in particular has additional antiseptic, antiviral and sweat inducing properties. Old herbalists recommended it for bites of dogs. Mint has long been regarded as a symbol of hospitality, the Romans would strew it around at feasts and banquets as a welcoming sign to guest. Legend has it that Pluto’s wife Proserpina cast a spell on a lovely young lady who had turned Pluto’s eye and turned her into a mint plant.

Apple Mint  – Culinary – Soft, fuzzy leaves that have a fruity aroma. Great as an ornamental or for culinary use. Excellent in teas. Height: 18-24″

Chocolate Mint – Culinary – Chocolate mint leaves have a delightful minty chocolate flavor. Use fresh leaves in water, tea or coffee for a refreshing beverage. Dry leaves for flavoring desserts, like ice cream, meringues, quick breads, or cakes. Pick leaves frequently. Height: 24″

Mojito Mint  (Tender Perennial) – Culinary– Sweet flavor and vigorous, fragrant foliage. Mojita Mint is clearly different from other mints. Scent and flavor are considerably more mild and warm. White blooms are a colorful addition to this sense evoking herb. Very desirable herb garden addition also looks great in any bed, border or in a container. An essential ingredient of the Mojito Cocktail.
Height: 12 – 36″

Orange Mint – Culinary and Medicinal – Perfect for fruit salads, fish, poultry and summer drinks. The citrus flavor is a bright alternative to regular mints. Like the rest of the Mint family, Orange Mint can be used to brew tea that aides in digestion.
Height: 24″

Peppermint – Culinary and Medicinal – The name is derived from the name Mintha, a Greek mythological nymph who transformed herself into the plant, and from the Latin piper meaning “pepper.” Peppermint is widely used in food, cosmetics and medicines. Peppermint tea is proven helpful in treating the common cold, coughs and bronchitis as well as a variety of digestive issues.It is used topically as an analgesic and to treat headaches. It is on the FDA’s GRAS (generally recognized as safe) list. It is one of the world’s oldest medicinal herbs, and is used in both Eastern and Western traditions. Peppermint leaf and oil are used for folk medicine, as flavoring agents, and in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products throughout the world.

Spearmint – The colonists brought mint with them to America. They used mints for teas, headaches, indigestion and to help them sleep. Mint is also an excellent culinary addition. Use to flavor tea, sauces, vegetables and lamb. Height: 18-24”

Kentucky Colonel MintMentha spicata var. – Delicious spearmint flavor. Large leaves, great for Mint Juleps and Iced Tea. Height: 24″

Strawberry Mint – Used for, teas and medicinal. Excellent flavor like strawberries with a bit of chocolate. Height: 24″


Nasturtium Alaska Mix – Tropaeolum majus (Annual) (Culinary and decorative) The variegated foliage and striking flower colors of ‘Alaska’ make an eye-catching edging, border, container or hanging basket planting. Blooms spring to fall frost with flowers in shades of yellow, mahogany, cream, and orange with light green marbled foliage. The flowers are edible and look great in salads. Height: 12″


Greek Oregano  – Origanum heracleoticum (Perennial) Culinary – Sweet, spicy, aromatic leaves. Purpleflowers. Height: 12″

Italian Oregano  – Origanum x majoricum  (Tender Perennial) Culinary – This variety is a cross of oregano and margoram with strong flavor and fragrance. Used in Italian tomato sauces, salad dressings, and soups. Height: 24″

Hot & Spicy Oregano  – Origanum heracleoticum  (Perennial) Culinary – Highly aromatic herb offers a spicy flavor in the kitchen and looks great in the herb garden or mixed border. Rich green rounded foliage and pink summer flowers. An intense, strong flavor; use sparingly at first, in spicy salsa and chili dishes. Height: 18 – 24″


Parsley – Petroselinium crispum (Biennial) Culinary and Medicinal. Parsley is an all time favorite herb used for seasoning and garnishes in almost all types of cuisines. The fresh leaves are a rich source of Manganese, Chlorophyll, Vitamins and Calcium. The leaves, roots and seeds are diuretic, reduce the release of histamines and scavenge skin aging free radicals. Grown near roses, parsley improves their health and scent. Worn in garlands to protect from drunkeness. The Ancient Greeks crowned winners of sporting events with wreaths of parsley. One rumour had it that you could bring about the demise of an enemy by plucking a sprig of parsley while speaking his name. In the Hebrew celebration of the Passover, parsley is used as a symbol of rebirth.
Curly Parsley – Very bushy dark green leaves. Densely curled, used for cooking and garnishes. Height: 12″

Italian Flat Leaf Parsley – Very flavorful leaves that are preferred by cooks. Height: 12″


Rosemary – Rosmarinum officinalus (All Rosemaries are tender perennials). Culinary and Medicinal. It is an ancient, savory herb, especially popular in Italian dishes. Rosemary has dense, aromatic, needle-like leaves with woody stems. Rosemary has a plethera of medicinal uses. The leaves are antiseptic, anti-oxidant and aid in digestion. It is recommended for flatulence and heartburn. It improves food absorption by stimulating digestion and the liver, intestinal tract and gallbladder. The essential oil is antibacterial, antifungal and invigorating. It relieves muscular pain and stimulates circulation. The herb of memory, said to quicken the mind and prevent forgetfulness. Rosemary was burnt at shrines in Ancient Greece to drive away evil spirits and illnesses

Rosemary Arp – Rosmarinum officinalus ‘ARP’ – A very hardy variety with an upright habit and gray/green leaves. Height: 12″

Rosemary upright – Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Upright’  (Tender Perennial) Culinary and decorative – Narrow grayish needle-like foliage and pretty lavender-blue flowers in spring on an upright form; leaves are a mainstay for cooking and as garnish. Great container plant. Height: to 4′


Golden • Purple • Tricolor

Sages – Salvia – Medicinal and culinary. All sages are members of the Salvia family. They are mostly known for their culinary uses. Used with poultry, pork, sausage, in dressings, pickles and cheese. Some are considered to be strictly medicinal. Others are grown to attract hummingbirds and bees. Prevents the onslaught of old age, memory enhancement, reducing hot flashes in menopause and boosting natural estrogen production, as well as reducing breast milk when weaning a baby. To the ancients, sage symbolised wisdom, skill, esteem, long life, good health, domestic virtue, mitigation of grief, and increased psychic powers.

Garden Sage – Salvia officinalus (Perennial ) Medicinal and culinary. Woody square stems with hairy leaves and blue flowers. The leaves have a strong taste that increases as it dries. Height: 12 – 36″

Golden Sage – Salvia officinalus ‘Aureau’ (Tender Perennial) Culinary and Medicinal. Short compact growth habit with yellow and green leaves. Height: 18″

Pineapple Sage – Salvia elegans (Tender Perennial) Culinary and Medicinal. Smells just like fresh pineapple. Bright scarlet flowers in the fall. Used as a flavoring on pork, poultry, fish and cheese. Height: 36″

Purple Sage – Salvia officinalus ‘Purpurea’ (Tender Perennial) Short compact Sage with purple/red leaves. Height: 18′

Tricolor Sage – Salvia officinalus ‘Tri-Color’ (Perennial) Culinary – Ornamental herb with colorful grayish green leaves marbled with white, pink and purple. Lavender blue flower spikes appear in summer. Strongly aromatic foliage may be used fresh or dried in cooking. Attractive to bees and butterflies. Ideal for herb gardens, mixed borders and containers. Height: 18″


French Sorrel – Rumex scutatus (Perennial) Culinary – A tangy lemon flavored plant. Use the young leaves in salads and the mature leaves steamed or sautéed like spinach. Height: 12″


Stevia – Stevia rebaudiana (Tender Perennial) Culinary.  Also known as Sweet Herb of Paraguay. The sugar herb. Leaves of this herb contain a substance called Stevioside that is 300 times sweeter than sugar without the calories. Chew leaves for a burst of sweetness. Height: 36″


Tarragon French – Artemisia dracunculus (Perennial) Culinary and Medicinal. French Tarragon is a hardy perennial with greenish flowers and narrow gray/green leaves. It has a bittersweet peppery taste with anise undertones. Leaves are good in salads, egg and cheese dishes and vinegar. Tarragon tea stimulates the appetite, aids digestion and is a general tonic. Name comes from the French word for little dragon.  2014 Herb of the Year. Height: 24″


Thyme – Thymus vulgaris Culinary and Medicinal – Thyme is either a shrubby herb with woody stems or a creeping ground cover. It has small leaves that are strongly aromatic. It’s an ideal flavoring for soups and stews. Thyme aids in the digestion of fatty foods. The essential oil is an antiseptic and a nervine. Gentlemen who smell of thyme are identified as having virtue, style, grace and elegance. Sprigs of thyme were placed on coffins of the dead. It was thought that the spirit would then take up residence in the flowers of thyme plants.

Green Thyme –

English Thyme – Thymus vulgaris (Perennial) Culinary and decorative – A low-growing plant with fragrant leaves. This herb goes well with just about everything. Add it (fresh or dried) to blended herb mixtures, or use in soups, sauces, beans, meat dishes, and more. A great addition to potpourri or homemade soap. It also makes a wonderfully aromatic ground cover or border. Height: 12″

French Thyme – Thymus vulgaris (Perennial) Sometimes called Summer Thyme, this culinary herb has an upright habit and small, narrow gray leaves with a sweet taste. Height: 12″

Golden Lemon Thyme – Thymus citriodorus ‘Aureus’ (Perennial) The bright, green and yellow foliage has a fresh citrus flavor. This upright variety is attractive in the garden and in the kitchen. The fragrant, foliage tends to stay flavorful even when baked. Great in fish and chicken dishes. Height: 12″


(618) 235-2004
2004 West Blvd
 • Belleville, IL 62221

info@sandysbackporch.com

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