2019 HERB LIST
Uses, facts, and a Little Bit of Folklore and Fiction
Herbs make a great fragrant addition to the garden whether planted in the ground or potted or potted for use in the kitchen. Herbs can be used for cooking, sachets, gifts or for the herbalist, medicinal uses. Their colorful fragrant flowers and foliage appeal to the senses. They attract beneficial insects and act as hosts for butterflies.
From the soft leaves of sage to the spiky dark green rosemary, the many textures of herbs have inspired garden designs for centuries. Explore the multi-dimensional area of gardening and find your own new uses for herbs.
(All of the following herbs come in 4.3″ containers)
New plants are either new, nearly new or new at Sandy’s Back Porch!
Many of our herbs this year are grown in biodegradable “Coir” cups with Dr. Earth Organic Soil right here with tender loving care at Sandy’s Back Porch! Just plant the whole pot.
Our plants are delivered throughout the season and are subject to availability.
Basil – Ocimum Basilicum (All basil are annual) Culinary and Medicinal. Warm spicy tasting leaves on square stems. The leaves are used in many different cusines. They also repel mosquitoes, expel worms, treat ringworm, snakebite, insect bites and acne. Basil is a Hindu’s passport to paradise. Basil is native to India, and was held in great reverence. Indians used basil to swear their oaths upon in court. In Italy, basil symbolizes love. In Mexico it is carried around in the hope of returning a lover’s roving eye.
Aristotle Basil – This Greek basil has small leaves and is highly aromatic, neat and ornamental. It has strong stems, is late flowering and has good tolerance to poor weather. Great for drying. This basil grows only 8″ tall and wide.
Dolce Fresca Basil – AAS Winner. Sweet tender leaves with an attractive, compact shape that’s both versatile and beautiful. Use the leaves as you would any Genovese basil. Will grow 13-14″ tall.
Genovese Basil – Full flavored, used for pesto and other Italian dishes. Will grow 30″ tall.
Lemon Basil – Spreading silvery-green foliage with lemony aroma. Great for potpourris, tea, chicken, fish, vegetables and herb vinegar. Will grow 12-18″ tall.
Pesto Perpetuo (Coir Pot) The first variegated basil. This Greek columnar basil sport is upright, reaching 4′ with light green foliage, edged creamy white. It does not flower, this is a great culinary basil.
Red Rubin Basil – Heirloom. Deep burgundy leaves and a compact habit. Great fragrance and taste. The large flat to slightly blousy leaves are as delicious as the standard green types. A bit spicy and very aromatic. Red Rubin is also great for for edging a border, or in containers. Will grow 12″tall.
Spicy Globe Basil – This low growing compact bush type basil produces very flavorful leaves. It is very slow to bolt. Used in sauces, salads, and Italian dishes. This moundin basil is attractive and makes an excellent potted plant or a border in the garden. Will grow 24″ tall.
Sweet Basil – This is the classic basil that is used for tomato sauces, pestos and salads. Height – 12-18″
Sweet Mammoth Basil – This lettuce-leaf variety from Italy grows ruffled leaves as large as your hand, delivering a very strong flavor that’s perfect for sauces, pesto. Will grow 18-24″ tall.
Sweet Thai Basil – This Variety form Thailand is both attractive as well as a culinary basil with an intensely sweet, anise-like fragrance. Leaves are green at the base of the plant becoming more purple toward the flowers. Will grow 18″ tall.
Try Me – New! If you are looking for a variety of basil, this is the plant for you! Try Me is three basils in one, with a range of flavors and fragrances. You’ll get a mixture of Genovese, dark red basil, and a striking serrated-leaf basil This is an excellent choice for home chefs. Plants grow well in containers and thrive when harvested regularly. Will grow 12-18” tall with a 24-36” spread.
Borage – Borago officinalis (Annual) Culinary and medicinal. Edible blue flowers with a sweet cucumber taste. Used in soups, salads and drinks. A leaf tea is used for stress, fevers and coughs. Fun and easy to grow. Gives strength to heart, courage and joyfulness. Attracts bees and beneficial insects. Will grow 18 – 36″ tall.
Catmint – Nepeta (Perennial) – Medicinal and ornamental. It is a member of the mint family.
Cat Grass – Hordeum Vulgare Tabby – The bright white and green foliage makes an ornamental accent plant for indoor and outdoor containers, as well as an edible treat for both felines and humans. Will grow 12-24″ tall.
Chervil Anthriscus Cerefolium New! (Annual) Culinary and Medicinal It is also called ‘gourmet’s parsley.’ It will flower from late spring to early summer. Unlike most herbs, chervil can grow in full to light shade and it prefers moist soil. Chervil has been cultivated in Europe since the days of the Romans. The entire herb is nutritious in nature. In medieval days it was considered a spring tonic herb eaten to cleanse the body of winter’s impurities, especially during the Lenten Season. Chervil’s anise or licorice aroma is reminiscent of myrrh. It has been a long-standing tradition to serve Chervil Soup on Holy Thursday. Chervil is not reserved for the Lenten Season, however. It has a long history of culinary use throughout the years, especially in France where it is one of the four herbs in fines herbes (along with tarragon, chives and parsley). Chervil is still used medicinally today but not as significantly as in the past. An infusion of leaves and flowers is commonly used in European folk medicine to lower blood pressure. Today, Chervil is most commonly grown for use in the kitchen. With its sweet anise or licorice flavor, it complements fish, poultry, and salads. It is also used in sauces, such as béarnaise sauce. Note: Chervil loses its flavor quickly when heated so should be added at the end of cooking. Will grow 12” tall with an 8-12” spread.
Garlic Chives – Allium tubersum (Perennial) Culinary. Flat leaves, white flowers. Mild garlic flavor. Will grow 12″ tall.
Cilantro Santo (Coir Pot) (Annual) Culinary. Santo is fast growing with broad, celery-like stems that are perfect for bunching. Its unmistakable sharp scent and taste have made it the staple herb in Mexican and Vietnamese dishes. Cool season herb. Will grow 12-24″ tall.
Cilantro/Coriander (Annual) Culinary. The leaves are pungently aromatic and are used extensively in Southwestern, Middle Eastern and Asian cooking. The seeds are called Coriander and are a popular spice. It was highly regarded as an aphrodisiac from the times of the early Greek, Roman and Egyptian civilizations to the Middle Ages when it was an ingredient of love potions. This cilantro will grow 24″ tall.
Curry Italicum – Helichrysum italicum (Annual) Medicinal & Ornamental. Narrow grey-white leaves. The leaves smell like curry, but do not give the curry flavor in cooking. A few leaves or flowers can be added to a salad however to give a pleasant fragrance – too much will be bitter. Small yellow flowers in summer are also fragrant of curry and good for drying. Excellent plant for containers, drought tolerant and deer resistant. Native to southern Europe. Essential oil of H. italicum is used medicinally for many purposes, especially for soreness, arthritis and bruising. Will grow 24″ tall.
Lavender – lavendula (Most lavenders are Tender Perennials) There are over 28 species of lavender, all with linear leaves and spikes of flowers ranging from blue to white. Lavender is used for it’s ornamental, culinary, as well as for its medicinal properties. The flowers are used to flavor jams, stews, pastries, creams and vinegar. Dried flowers are used in sachets and potpourris. Lavenders attract hummingbirds, butterflies and other beneficial insects. The flower water is an antiseptic that treats acne and a skin toner for speeding cell renewal. Flower tea treats anxiety, headaches, nausea and dizziness. The essential oil is highly valued as perfume and is also antiseptic, mildly sedative and pain killing. It will relieve the itching of insect bites and the pain of burns, headaches and sore throats. Adding the oil to bath water is very relaxing and induces sleep. The herb of fidelity. Traditionally used to revive people from faints or swoons.
Lavender French – Lavendula dentata – Saw-toothed leaves of blue/gray. Will grow 24″ tall.
Grosso – lavandula intermedia ‘Grosso’ – (Coir Pot) is the most fragrant of all the lavender plants. Exceptional abundance of long spikes of deep violet flowers that stand well above the gray/green compact foliage. The most cold hardy of the French Hybrid Lavenders. Plant in full sun in well drained soil. Works great in Xeriscaping, edging, rock gardens, on hillsides or berms.
Lavender Hidcote – Lavendula angustofolia ‘Hidcote’ – (Coir Pot) A free flowering dwarf variety that produces deep purple flower spikes.Great for a dwarf hedge, edging, or for massing. Will grow 24″ tall.
Provence Lavendula x intermedia (Perennial) Silvery, wide long leaves. Will grow 12″ tall.
Super Blue Lavender – Lavandula angustifolia ‘SuperBlue’ New! (Coir Pot) This plant has fragrant wands of rich lavender-blue flowers a soothing scent in early and midsummer. It is perfect for borders or containers. The neat, compact foliage has good rain and weather tolerance. The large, full blooms are excellent for cutting and drying. Will grow 12 to 20” tall with a 24” spread.
Lemon Balm – Melissa officinalis (Perennial) Culinary. Pleasant lemon flavor and fragrance makes it pleasant in tea, punches and in fruit salad. Good for potpourri. Known in European history as the “Elixor of Life.” It is believed to renew youth and add longevity. Said to dispel melancholy. As with all plants in the mint family, this is an extremely robust grower and needs occasional pruning to control its spread. Will grow 12” tall.
Lemon Balm Variegated (Coir Pot) (Perennial) Culinary & Medicinal. An upright growing, perennial herb and is part of the mint family. It has a strong lemony mint flavor and scent and is used in culinary dishes; aromatherapy; and for medicinal teas. The colorful yellow and green foliage makes it an attractive addition to any garden bed and attracts honeybees to your garden. It will put on a small show of white flowers in summer. As with all plants in the mint family, this is an extremely robust grower and needs occasional pruning to control its spread. Can grow up to 24″ tall and wide
Lemon Grass – Cymbopogan flexuosus (Tender Perennial) Culinary. Clumping grasslike plant, with a strong lemon scent. Use stalks in Asian cooking. Will grow 10″ tall.
Lovage (Perennial) Culinary and Medicinal. Dark green leaves are strongly scented cross between celery and anise and are uses in soups and stews as well as poultry. The stems can be harvested while young to be used for flavoring confections. Even the seeds can be harvested and used when ground, as a substitute for salt. A tea made of the seeds, leaves and roots is detoxifying, slimming and reduces water retention. Once in bloom, Lovage attracts many beneficial pollinators to your garden with its fragrant chartreuse blooms! Will grow up to 48” tall with a 24″ spread.
Marjoram Sweet (Coir Pot) (Tender Perennial) Culinary and Medicinal. Aromatic,The ancients believed that if marjoram grew on a grave it was a sign of the happiness of the departed spirit. Sometimes it was planted at gravesites to comfort the departed and ensure their eternal peace and happiness. In the Middle Ages, bridal couples wore wreaths of marjoram to symbolise love, honour and happiness.
Marjoram Variegated – Origanum majorana (Perennial) Culinary. ‘Variegata’ low growing herb with a mounding habit. The creamy white flowers are small and insignificant but attract bees and butterflies. Has a milder flavor than other varieties, but is still a very welcome and kitchen herb. Height: 6 -10″
Mints – Mentha (Perennial) All mints are perennial (unless noted) and are both culinary and medicinal. They are easily hybridized and are invasive if the plant is not grown in containers. Mint flavors drinks, candy, cigarettes, toothpaste and medicine. Mint aids digestion and treats stomach complaints. Peppermint in particular has additional antiseptic, antiviral and sweat inducing properties. Old herbalists recommended it for bites of dogs. Mint has long been regarded as a symbol of hospitality, the Romans would strew it around at feasts and banquets as a welcoming sign to guest. Legend has it that Pluto’s wife Proserpina cast a spell on a lovely young lady who had turned Pluto’s eye and turned her into a mint plant.
Hillary’s Sweet Lemon Mint New! Culinary. A hybrid of apple mint and lime mint. The crisp flavor and vigorous growth of apple and the lovely leaf and citrus undertones of lime. Very unusual and delicious. Great for tea and bar drinks. Grows 24-36” tall.
Kentucky Colonel Spearmint (Coir Pot) Culinary. Delicious spearmint flavor. Large leaves, great for Mint Juleps and Iced Tea. Grows 24” tall.
Mint Julep New! Culinary. Chocolate mint leaves have a delightful minty chocolate flavor. Use fresh leaves in water, tea or coffee for a refreshing beverage. Dry leaves for flavoring desserts, like ice cream, meringues, quick breads, or cakes. Pick leaves frequently. Height: 24″
Orange Mint Culinary and Medicinal. Perfect for fruit salads, fish, poultry and summer drinks. The citrus flavor is a bright alternative to regular mints. Like the rest of the Mint family, Orange Mint can be used to brew tea that aides in digestion. Grows 24″ tall.
Peppermint (Coir Pot) Culinary and Medicinal. The name is derived from the name Mintha, a Greek mythological nymph who transformed herself into the plant, and from the Latin piper meaning “pepper.” Peppermint is widely used in food, cosmetics and medicines. Peppermint tea is proven helpful in treating the common cold, coughs and bronchitis as well as a variety of digestive issues.It is used topically as an analgesic and to treat headaches. It is on the FDA’s GRAS (generally recognized as safe) list. It is one of the world’s oldest medicinal herbs, and is used in both Eastern and Western traditions. Peppermint leaf and oil are used for folk medicine, as flavoring agents, and in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products throughout the world.
Pineapple Mint Variegated New! (Coir Pot) Culinary and medicinal. The colonists brought mint with them to America. They used mints for teas, headaches, indigestion and to help them sleep. Mint is also an excellent culinary addition. Use to flavor tea, sauces, vegetables and lamb. White or light pink flowers bloom on small spikes at the top of the plant in summer. Grows 18-24” tall.
Spearmint (Coir Pot) Culinary and medicinal. The colonists brought mint with them to America. They used mints for teas, headaches, indigestion and to help them sleep. Mint is also an excellent culinary addition. Use to flavor tea, sauces, vegetables and lamb. Grows 18-24” tall
Strawberry Mint Culinary and medicinal. Used for, teas and medicinal. Excellent flavor like strawberries with a bit of chocolate. Grows 24” tall.
Cleopatra Oregano New! (Coir Pot) (Perennial) Culinary. This was an AAS Winner in 2015. Cleopatra has a mild, spicy flavor with a bit of peppermint coolness. Use with grilled or roasted veggies, meat and fish dishes, Mediterranean dishes, soups and sauces. Cleopatra has a compact creeping habit and lovely silvery-gray foliage. It makes a great container plant, groundcover, or addition to the border. High yielding plant’s abundant leaves can be dried for year-round flavorful pleasure. Grows 5-8″ tall and 10″ wide.
Greek Oregano (Coir Pot) (Perennial) Culinary – Sweet, spicy, aromatic leaves. Purpleflowers. Height: 12″
Kirigami Oregano New! (Coir Pot) (Annual) Ornamental. This eye-catching, non-culinary oregano’s leaves are dappled in purple to green and has rose colored flowers. It is ideal as a decorative patio plant, with a lovely fragrance that attract pollinators. Us in hanging baskets, borders and rock gardens. Will grow 24” tall with a 12-14” spread.
Parsley Petroselinium crispum (Biennial) Culinary and Medicinal. Parsley is an all time favorite herb used for seasoning and garnishes in almost all types of cuisines. The fresh leaves are a rich source of Manganese, Chlorophyll, Vitamins and Calcium. The leaves, roots and seeds are diuretic, reduce the release of histamines and scavenge skin aging free radicals. Grown near roses, parsley improves their health and scent. Worn in garlands to protect from drunkeness. The Ancient Greeks crowned winners of sporting events with wreaths of parsley. One rumour had it that you could bring about the demise of an enemy by plucking a sprig of parsley while speaking his name. In the Hebrew celebration of the Passover, parsley is used as a symbol of rebirth.
Curly Parsley Very bushy dark green leaves. Densely curled, used for cooking and garnishes. Height: 12″
Italian Flat Leaf Parsley Very flavorful leaves that are preferred by cooks. Height: 12″
Rosemary – Rosmarinum officinalus (All Rosemary are tender perennials). Culinary and Medicinal. It is an ancient, savory herb, especially popular in Italian dishes. Rosemary has dense, aromatic, needle-like leaves with woody stems. Rosemary has a plethera of medicinal uses. The leaves are antiseptic, anti-oxidant and aid in digestion. It is recommended for flatulence and heartburn. It improves food absorption by stimulating digestion and the liver, intestinal tract and gallbladder. The essential oil is antibacterial, anti fungal and invigorating. It relieves muscular pain and stimulates circulation. The herb of memory, said to quicken the mind and prevent forgetfulness. Rosemary was burnt at shrines in Ancient Greece to drive away evil spirits and illnesses. They say if there is a rosemary bush in the garden there is a strong woman in the house.
Arp Rosemary Culinary. One of the very hardiest varieties. It has with an upright habit and gray/green leaves. Height: 12″
BBQ Rosemary (Coir Pot) Culinary. Grows tall upright stems that can be used for roasting hot dogs.
Madeline Hill Rosemary New! (Coir Pot) Culinary. This is a relatively hardy Rosemary that has light blue flowers and intensely fragrant, deep green foliage. A great choice for the year-round kitchen garden. Will grow 36” tall and wide.
Prostrate Trailing Rosemary New! (Coir Pot) Culinary and Ornamental. This intensely aromatic herb, is a creeping rosemary and is perfect for ground-cover, pots and containers. It is beautiful spilling out of baskets or over a stone wall. It has light blue blooms in the summer. Bring the whole pot in during the winter to enjoy this herb year round! Will grow 18” tall with a 36” spread.
Tuscan Blue Rosemary Culinary and Ornamental. This is a tall-growing upright rosemary. Used for hedges to border small fields in Tuscany, This Rosemary is a handsome plant with exceptionally dark blue flower spikes and highly aromatic pale green leaves that lend themselves to cooking and drying. Along with the other tall Rosemarie’s, it is more suitable for growing in warmer climates, but it can also be grown in short-season regions. Can grow 24 – 36” tall with a 24” spread.
Rosemary Upright (Tender Perennial) Culinary and Ornamental. Narrow grayish needle-like foliage and pretty lavender-blue flowers in spring on an upright form; leaves are a mainstay for cooking and as garnish. Great container plant. Height: to 4′
Sages – Salvia Medicinal and culinary. All sages are members of the Salvia family. They are mostly known for their culinary uses. Used with poultry, pork, sausage, in dressings, pickles and cheese. Some are considered to be strictly medicinal. Others are grown to attract hummingbirds and bees. Prevents the onslaught of old age, memory enhancement, reducing hot flashes in menopause and boosting natural estrogen production, as well as reducing breast milk when weaning a baby. To the ancients, sage symbolised wisdom, skill, esteem, long life, good health, domestic virtue, mitigation of grief, and increased psychic powers.
Pineapple Sage (Coir Pot) (Tender Perennial) Culinary, Ornamental and Medicinal. Smells just like fresh pineapple. This Sage is covered with bright scarlet flowers in the fall. Used as a flavoring on pork, poultry, fish and cheese. Will grow 36″ tall and wide.
Tricolor Sage (Perennial) Culinary. Ornamental herb with colorful grayish green leaves marbled with white, pink and purple. Lavender blue flower spikes appear in summer. Strongly aromatic foliage may be used fresh or dried in cooking. Attractive to bees and butterflies. Ideal for herb gardens, mixed borders and containers. Will grow 18” tall.
Stevia (Coir Pot) (Tender Perennial) Culinary. Also known as Sweet Herb of Paraguay or the sugar herb. Leaves of this herb contain a substance called Stevioside that is 300 times sweeter than sugar without the calories. Chew leaves for a burst of sweetness. Height: 36″
Tarragon French (Perennial) Culinary and Medicinal. French Tarragon is a hardy perennial with greenish flowers and narrow gray/green leaves. It has a bittersweet peppery taste with anise undertones. Leaves are good in salads, egg and cheese dishes and vinegar. Tarragon tea stimulates the appetite, aids digestion and is a general tonic. Name comes from the French word for little dragon. 2014 Herb of the Year. Height: 24″
Thyme – Thymus vulgaris Culinary and Medicinal – Thyme is either a shrubby herb with woody stems or a creeping ground cover. It has small leaves that are strongly aromatic. It’s an ideal flavoring for soups and stews. Thyme aids in the digestion of fatty foods. The essential oil is an antiseptic and a nervine. Gentlemen who smell of thyme are identified as having virtue, style, grace and elegance. Sprigs of thyme were placed on coffins of the dead. It was thought that the spirit would then take up residence in the flowers of thyme plants.
French Thyme (Perennial) Culinary. Sometimes called Summer Thyme, this herb has an upright habit and small, narrow gray leaves with a sweet taste. Height: 12″
Golden Lemon Thyme (Perennial) Culinary. The bright, green and yellow foliage has a fresh citrus flavor. This upright variety is attractive in the garden and in the kitchen. The fragrant, foliage tends to stay flavorful even when baked. Great in fish and chicken dishes. Height: 12″
Lemon Variegated Thyme (Perennial) Culinary and Ornamental. This is a durable, lemon-scented variety that once planted, requires minimal maintenance. Lemon thyme is attractive in a herb garden, a rock garden, bordering a walkway or flower bed, or in a container. This low growing plant makes an effective, non-aggressive ground cover in small areas. It will grow only 6 – 10” tall with a 8 -12” spread.
Silver Posie Thyme New! Culinary and Ornamental. This is a fairly hardy upright thyme with a bush-like habit. It’s attractive tiny fragrant round leaves remain grayish green in color with distinctive white edges throughout the season. This thyme will be covered in clusters of lavender flowers with pink overtones at the ends of the stems from early to mid-summer, which emerge from purple flower buds. It can be harvested at any time in the season. The leaves have a savory taste and a pleasant fragrance. It will grow 8” tall with a 18” spread.
Silver Edged Argenteus Thyme New! (Perennial) Culinary, Ornamental and Medicinal. Argenteus has a delicious thyme scent that is great fresh or dry. It makes a versatile seasoning for different dishes. Argenteus has a nice spreading mounded habit. It works well in containers and window boxes or in the garden. The foliage is green with silver edges. Use Argenteus fresh or dry and is versatile for seasoning different dishes including teas. Use in aromatherapy, potpourris and more. This is an easy to grow plant. Will grow 8-10” tall with an 18-24” spread.
2004 West Blvd • Belleville, IL 62221
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